JMIR Biomedical Engineering
Aug 18, 2017
Jun 26, 2017
Oct 17, 2016
Citing this Article
Right click to copy or hit: ctrl+c (cmd+c on mac)
Latest Submissions Open for Peer-Review:View All Open Peer Review Articles
Date Submitted: Oct 12, 2017
Open Peer Review Period: Oct 14, 2017 - Dec 9, 2017
Background: Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) is one of the top ten leading causes of death and only one that cannot be completely prevented or cured in the United States. The cost on AD is high: the total p...
Background: Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) is one of the top ten leading causes of death and only one that cannot be completely prevented or cured in the United States. The cost on AD is high: the total payments for health care, long-term care and hospice are estimated to be $236 billion, and these could rise to more than 1$ trillion by 2050. Objective: By performing the systematic literature review of information and communications technologies on AD, we aimed to identify the level of evidence in this field by focusing on the following five items: 1) purposes when ICT was utilized on AD, 2) types of conducted studies, 3) characteristics of the target populations in the previous studies, 4) types of methods used in the previous studies, and 5) benefits for the patients, caregivers, and physicians. Methods: We performed four rounds: database selection, keyword search, screening with inclusion criteria, and screening the full-text to identify previous studies. The databases we used were PubMed, SCOPUS, PSYCINFO, Web of Science (WoS), and CINAHL. We used the following two concepts that answer to our research questions when creating combinations of keywords: Alzheimer’s disease and information and communication technologies. Results: We found sixteen articles published between 2010 May and 2016 January, which corresponded to each individual study. The findings of the systematic literature review were arranged and assessed with six categories: purposes of using ICT, study design, devices, evaluation, target population, methods, and benefits of research. Conclusions: The main contribution of our study was to identify the level of evidence in this field with the following themes: purposes, types of studies, types of ICT, evaluation criteria, target population, methods, and benefits. Such contribution guides other researchers interested in this field to perform more effective research and devise ICT tools for ADs.