JMIR Biomedical Engineering

Engineering for health technologies, medical devices, and innovative medical treatments and procedures.

Editor-in-Chief:

Syed A. A. Rizvi, MD, PhD, MBA, MPH, BSN, Professor, College of Biomedical Sciences, Larkin University, USA 


JMIR Biomedical Engineering (JBME) is a peer-reviewed journal that focuses on the application of engineering principles, technologies, and medical devices to medicine and biology. 

As an open access journal, we are read by clinicians and patients alike and have (as are all JMIR journals) a focus on readable and applied science reporting the design and evaluation of health innovations and emerging technologies. We publish original research, viewpoints, and reviews (both literature reviews and medical device/technology/app reviews).

JMIR Biomedical Engineering has been publishing since 2016 and features a rapid and thorough peer-review process. The journal has been approved for indexing in PubMed Central and PubMed and is indexed in DOAJ, Sherpa/Romeo, and EBSCO/EBSCO Essentials.

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Recent Articles

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Biomedical Engineering Reviews

Degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM) is a slow-motion spinal cord injury caused via chronic mechanical loading by spinal degenerative changes. A range of different degenerative changes can occur. Finite element analysis (FEA) can predict the distribution of mechanical stress and strain on the spinal cord to help understand the implications of any mechanical loading. One of the critical assumptions for FEA is the behavior of each anatomical element under loading (ie, its material properties).

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Development of Novel Medical Devices and Innovations for Existing Devices

Pulse oximeters work within the red-infrared wavelengths. Therefore, these oximeters produce erratic results in dark-skinned subjects and in subjects with cold extremities. Pulse oximetry is routinely performed in patients with fever; however, an elevation in body temperature decreases the affinity of hemoglobin for oxygen, causing a drop in oxygen saturation or oxyhemoglobin concentrations.

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Development of Novel Medical Devices and Innovations for Existing Devices

The digital era has witnessed an escalating dependence on digital platforms for news and information, coupled with the advent of “deepfake” technology. Deepfakes, leveraging deep learning models on extensive data sets of voice recordings and images, pose substantial threats to media authenticity, potentially leading to unethical misuse such as impersonation and the dissemination of false information.

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Clinical engineering

The increasing adoption of telehealth Internet of Things (IoT) devices in health care informatics has led to concerns about energy use and data processing efficiency.

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Clinical engineering

Venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) is a therapy for patients with refractory respiratory failure. The decision to decannulate someone from extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) often involves weaning trials and clinical intuition. To date, there are limited prognostication metrics to guide clinical decision–making to determine which patients will be successfully weaned and decannulated.

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Development of Novel Medical Devices and Innovations for Existing Devices

Clinicians face barriers when assessing lung maturity at birth due to global inequalities. Still, strategies for testing based solely on gestational age to predict the likelihood of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) do not offer a comprehensive approach to addressing the challenge of uncertain outcomes. We hypothesize that a noninvasive assessment of skin maturity may indicate lung maturity.

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Development of Novel Medical Devices and Innovations for Existing Devices

Parkinson disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disease, affecting approximately 1% of the world’s population. Increasing evidence suggests that aerobic physical exercise can be beneficial in mitigating both motor and nonmotor symptoms of the disease. In a recent pilot study of the role of exercise on PD, we sought to confirm exercise intensity by monitoring heart rate (HR). For this purpose, we asked participants to wear a chest strap HR monitor (Polar Electro Oy) and the Fitbit Charge 4 (Fitbit Inc) wrist-worn HR monitor as a potential proxy due to its convenience. Polar H10 has been shown to provide highly accurate R-R interval measurements. Therefore, we treated it as the gold standard in this study. It has been shown that Fitbit Charge 4 has comparable accuracy to Polar H10 in healthy participants. It has yet to be determined if the Fitbit is as accurate as Polar H10 in patients with PD during rest and exercise.

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Development of Novel Medical Devices and Innovations for Existing Devices

In Japan, individuals with mild COVID-19 illness previously required to be monitored in designated areas and were hospitalized only if their condition worsened to moderate illness or worse. Daily monitoring using a pulse oximeter was a crucial indicator for hospitalization. However, a drastic increase in the number of patients resulted in a shortage of pulse oximeters for monitoring. Therefore, an alternative and cost-effective method for monitoring patients with mild illness was required. Previous studies have shown that voice biomarkers for Parkinson disease or Alzheimer disease are useful for classifying or monitoring symptoms; thus, we tried to adapt voice biomarkers for classifying the severity of COVID-19 using a dynamic time warping (DTW) algorithm where voice wavelets can be treated as 2D features; the differences between wavelet features are calculated as scores.

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Development of Novel Medical Devices and Innovations for Existing Devices

Accurate and portable respiratory parameter measurements are critical for properly managing chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPDs) such as asthma or sleep apnea, as well as controlling ventilation for patients in intensive care units, during surgical procedures, or when using a positive airway pressure device for sleep apnea.

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Development of Novel Medical Devices and Innovations for Existing Devices

The opioid epidemic is a growing crisis worldwide. While many interventions have been put in place to try to protect people from opioid overdoses, they typically rely on the person to take initiative in protecting themselves, requiring forethought, preparation, and action. Respiratory depression or arrest is the mechanism by which opioid overdoses become fatal, but it can be reversed with the timely administration of naloxone.

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Development of Novel Medical Devices and Innovations for Existing Devices

Parkinson disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease that has a wide range of motor symptoms, such as tremor. Tremors are involuntary movements that occur in rhythmic oscillations and are typically categorized into rest tremor or action tremor. Action tremor occurs during voluntary movements and is a debilitating symptom of PD. As noninvasive interventions are limited, there is an ever-increasing need for an effective intervention for individuals experiencing action tremors. The Microsoft Emma Watch, a wristband with 5 vibrating motors, is a noninvasive, nonpharmaceutical intervention for tremor attenuation.

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Development of Novel Medical Devices and Innovations for Existing Devices

The incentive spirometer is a basic and common medical device from which electronic health care data cannot be directly collected. As a result, despite numerous studies investigating clinical use, there remains little consensus on optimal device use and sparse evidence supporting its intended benefits such as prevention of postoperative respiratory complications.

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